• High energy density lithium ion batteries. The utilization of the Li-ion battery technology into the field of storing energy from the sun will require significant improvement in the battery performance, cost reduction and safety enhancement.
  • Sodium-based batteries. This project deals with the investigation of a wide spectrum of sodium-based materials that would stimulate the development of new abundant and cost effective materials with improved electrochemical performances.
  • Redox flow batteries.  Power and energy can be customized independently in these unique but currently costly batteries, with electroactive materials stored in tanks outside of the battery module. 
  • Sulphur-based batteries. Despite their high energy and cost advantages, lithium sulphur batteries present significant challenges with respect to sulphur dissolution, electrolyte contamination and lithium metal instability.